Prostate Cancer


What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer happens when the normal cells in the prostate gland change and grow to form a mass of cells called a tumour. These cancer cells can affect how the prostate works. Prostate cancer cells may not grow at all or else grow slowly during a man’s lifetime. Many men never develop problems or symptoms from their prostate cancer. In some, prostate cancer grows more quickly and needs treatment to prevent it spreading outside of the prostate gland. In most cases prostate cancer can be cured or kept under control.Prostate cancer most often occurs in men in their fifties and onwards. It can occur on rare occasions in men in their late forties. The risk of developing prostate cancer rises with age.

The Symptoms

Not everyone experiences symptoms of prostate cancer. Many times, signs of prostate cancer are first detected by a doctor during a routine check-up. Some men, however, will experience changes in urinary or sexual function that might indicate the presence of prostate cancer. These symptoms include:

A need to urinate frequently, especially at night
Difficulty starting urination or holding back urine
Weak or interrupted flow of urine
Painful or burning urination
Difficulty in having an erection
Painful ejaculation
Blood in urine or semen
Frequent pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs

How is Prostate Cancer diagnosed?

Men who have urinary symptoms will usually begin by seeing their GP. The first tests for assessing the prostate gland are the PSA blood test and a digital rectal examination (DRE). Your GP will also examine you and ask you about your general health, your symptoms and any family history of prostate cancer. You may also have these tests when you have no symptoms, as part of prostate cancer screening.

The Facts


if you are concerned about prostate cancer, call the Cancer Nurseline on Freefone 1800 200 700  and speak to one of the cancer nurses for confidential advice, support and information or alternatively make an appointment with your GP.

For more information please visit the Irish Cancer Society

Call into us with any queries or concerns. Awareness can save lives!